What is Eightfold Noble path -By Gotama Buddha

Eightfold noble path by Gotama Buddha

 

1.Right Understanding/View  (Sammā ditthi)

There are three kinds of right understandings/views.

1. Right understanding/view that in the case of beings there two kinds of actions performed wholesome and unwholesome and they accompany them wherever they may wander.

Actions can be performed bodily, verbal or even the mental actions.

2. A right understanding of the ten subjects 

  • There really exists almsgiving as  cause and its result(vipaka)
  • There really exists offering on a large scale a cause and its result
  • There really exists wholesome and unwholesome actions and cause their results.
  • There really exists good and evil deeds done to one’s mother as a cause and their results.
  • There really exists good and evil deeds done to one’s father as a cause and their results
  • There really exist beings who are born apparitional rebirth such as beings in purgatory, petas, devas, Sakkas, brahmas who cannot be seen ordinarily.
  • There really exists a world which is under our very eyes.
  • There really exist other world or planes where one may arise after death.
  • There really exist people like buddha who practice dhamma and have realised this world through their own insight and posses tranquillity of mind.

3. A right understanding of four truths/realities

Four truth and realities one needs to understand are

  • Penetrative insight into the truth of suffering.
  • Penetrative insight into the truth of the origin of suffering.
  • Penetrative insight into the truth of the cessation of suffering.
  • Penetrative insight into the truth of the path leading to the cessation of suffering.

 

2.Right Thought  (Sammā san̄kappa)

There are three Kinds of right thoughts

  • Right thought free from greed and sensual desire aiming at an escape from rounds of rebirth.
  • Right thought for welfare of all living beings
  • Right thought for non-injury of all living beings

 

3.Right Speech (Sammā vācā)

There are four Kinds of right speech

  • Refraining from telling lies.
  • Refraining from backbiting and calumny.
  • Refraining from using abusive language, harsh words and speech hurtful to others.
  • Refraining from frivolous talks which are fruitless for this world.

 

4.Right Action (Sammā kammanta)

There are three Kinds of right actions

  • Refraining from killing or injuring living beings.
  • Refraining from taking property which is not given
  • Refraining from taking intoxicants and unlawful sexual intercourse with those who are still in the care of their parents

 

5.Right Livelihood (Sammā ājīva)

There are four Kinds of right livelihood

  • In the case of laity/householder, refraining from the wrong livelihood by means of physical and verbal actions.
  • I case of monks refraining from the wrong livelihood. For example, giving fruits and flowers to laymen to curry favour.
  • In the case of monks refraining from tricking and deception by means of doing wonders.
  • I case of monks refraining from the wrong livelihood by means of art such as sign reading, omens etc.

 

6.Right Effort (Sammā vāyāma)

There are four Kinds of right effort

  • Making effort in the practice of eightfold noble path so that vices that have never arisen during present existence may not arise for a moment in the future existence.
  • Making effort in the practice of eightfold noble path so that vices that have arisen during present existence may not arise for a moment in the future existence and maybe dispelled
  • Making effort in the practice of eightfold noble path so that 37 factors pertaining to enlightenment that have never arisen may arise here and now.
  • Making effort in the practice of eightfold noble path so that virtues such as morality that have already arisen and are arising during the present existence may develop unceasingly until attainment of Nibbana.

 

7.Right Mindfulness  (Sammā sati)

There are four Kinds of right mindfulness

  • Application of mindfulness to the contemplation of body-group, for example, breathing In and breathing out.
  • Application of mindfulness to the contemplation of feeling group for example pain, pleasure etc
  • Application of mindfulness to the contemplation of consciousness group for example lust, anger etc.
  • Application of mindfulness to the contemplation of mind-objects such as sensuous lust.

 

8.Right Concentration (Sammā samādhi)

There are four Kinds of right mindfulness

  • The concentration of the first jhāna  produced by focusing ones attention on one of the objects of Samatha tranquillity such askasiṇa
  • The concentration of the second jhāna  produced by focusing ones attention on one of the objects of Samatha tranquillity such askasiṇa
  • The concentration of the third jhāna  produced by focusing ones attention on one of the objects of Samatha tranquillity such askasiṇa
  • The concentration of the fourth jhāna  produced by focusing ones attention on one of the objects of Samatha tranquillity such askasiṇa

 

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Ashish Rattan

Software Developer. Meditating for past 377 days 1 hour a day.

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